Glossary Of Terms

Yāna Technology Made Easy

Yāna Motion Lab is the only Canadian human movement analysis service that utilizes industry-leading, FDA cleared 3D markerless motion capture technology to analyze movement, dysfunction, and motion compensation. Using proprietary algorithms, we can measure an individual’s unique musculoskeletal signature and provide accurate data that is immediately actionable. If you’re looking for a definition of a term related to musculoskeletal movements or Yāna technology, you’ve come to the right place.

  • ANTI-ROTATION – The stabilization of something to keep it from twisting
  • ABDUCTION – a movement away from the body
  • ADDUCTION – a movement towards the midline of the body
  • ANTERIOR PELVIC TILT – the forward tilt of the pelvis
  • ASYMMETRY – A difference between the left and right sides of your body
  • CENTER OF MASS – a calculated point made from the average of your entire bodies mass.
  • CERVICAL FLEXION – How much your neck bends forward
  • CERVICAL MOTOR CONTROL – The ability to stabilize the cervical spine during movement
  • CERVICAL ROTATION – How much you are able to turn your head to the right and left
  • CERVICAL SPINE – The part of the spine in your neck, beginning at the skull and connecting to the thoracic spine
  • CLOSED CHAIN – Movements performed where the hand (for arm movement) or foot (for leg movement) is planted on the ground or an object and cannot move
  • COMPENSATION – The body’s attempt to make up for a lack of mobility or stability in an area by redirecting the load to another area
  • CONCENTRIC CONTRACTIONS – when the muscle shortens
  • DATA POINT – One of the millions of metrics the 3D motion capture technology collected during your screen
  • DISPLACEMENT – The distance the body moves in one particular direction ie. back to front, side to side, etc
  • DOUBLE FLEXION – The coordinated bending of your hips and spine while you do things like bend over or pick things up off the ground
  • ELBOW SWAY – How far your elbow moves to the side when your hand is overhead
  • EXTENSION – The straightening of a joint; the opposite of flexion
  • ECCENTRIC CONTRACTIONS – when the muscle lengthens
  • FLEXIBILITY – The ability of soft tissue to lengthen through a range of motion
  • FLEXION – The bending of a joint; the opposite of extension
  • FORWARD FOLD WITH CERVICAL EXTENSION – A movement where you extend your neck first and then fold your entire upper body toward the ground by tucking your chin and flexing your spine and hips
  • FRONTAL PLANE – An anatomical plane that divides the body into front and back parts.
  • FRONTAL STRIDE LENGTH – Indicates how far you are able to step to the side
  • GLENOHUMERAL JOINT – The ball and socket shoulder joint
  • GROUND REACTION FORCE– the amount of force that the ground exerts back through your body during weight bearing tasks.
  • HIP EXTENSION – How much you are able to move your thigh behind your body
  • HIP FLEXION – How much you are able to bend your hip in front of your body
  • HIP MOTOR CONTROL – The ability to stabilize the hips during movement
  • JOINT SWAY – How much the weight-bearing hip, knee, and ankle moved side to side and front to back when standing
  • KINEMATICS – The motion of your body parts
  • KINETICS – the forces that your body produces and has put upon it
  • KNEE FLEXION – How much your knees bend
  • KNEE RAISE – A movement where you raise your foot off the ground, bending at the knee and hip
  • LATERAL LUNGE – A movement when you step out to the right or left and shift your body weight over that leg as far as possible
  • LATERAL ROTATION – How much you are able to rotate a body part away from your midline. The opposite of medial rotation
  • LOWER BODY – The bottom section of your body, including hips, legs, and feet
  • LUMBAR FLEXION – How much your lower back bends forward
  • LUMBAR LATERAL FLEXION – How much your trunk bends to the side
  • LUMBAR SPINE – The lower back
  • MASS– a measure of your physical body in kilograms (kg)
  • MEDIAL ROTATION – How much you are able to rotate a body part toward your midline. The opposite of lateral rotation
  • MOBILITY – The ability of a joint to move actively through a range of motion
  • MOTOR CONTROL – Your ability to control your limbs and joints during motion
  • MOVEMENT COMPONENT – One of the three main pieces of movement quality: movement pattern, stability, or mobility
  • MOVEMENT PATTERN – How you perform a certain movement
  • MOVEMENT QUALITY – Your ability to move fluidly and without limitation
  • MOVEMENT DYSFUNCTION– movement that appears to fall outside the normal expected pattern and quality
  • OPEN CHAIN – Exercises that are performed with no contact to ground or fixed object
  • PELVIC OBLIQUITY – How level your hips are during movement
  • PELVIC ROTATION – How much your pelvis twists to one side during movement
  • POSTERIOR PELVIC TILT– the backwards tilt of the pelvis
  • REACHING – Your ability to extend your arm away from you and/or overhead
  • REVERSE LUNGE WITH ROTATION – A movement where you step backwards with one foot into a lunge, and then rotate your trunk
  • ROTATION – How much a body part twists
  • SAGITTAL PLANE – An anatomical plane that divides the body into right and left parts and views a person’s movement from the side.
  • STRIDE LENGTH – Indicates how far you are able to step forward or backward
  • SCAPULOTHORACIC – The joint between your shoulder blade and ribcage
  • SEQUENCING – The order in which you move your joints during a movement
  • SHOULDER MOTOR CONTROL – How well you can control extraneous motion in your shoulder when performing a movement
  • SINGLE LEG – Movements completed standing on one leg
  • SINGLE LEG STANCE – Measurement of your control of your torso, hip, knee, and ankle when you stand on one foot
  • SQUAT – A movement where you flex your hips, ankles, and knees in a coordinated manner to lower and raise yourself
  • SQUAT PATTERN – How your ankle, knee, hip, and torso work together when you squat or lunge
  • STABILITY – The control of your joints during motion
  • STRIDE LENGTH – How far you step out when lunging
  • SYMMETRY – the proportion and balance compared to the opposite side
  • THORACIC SPINE – The portion of your spine in your mid-back between the cervical spine and lumbar spine
  • TIBIAL/ TORSO ANGLE – The angle of your tibia was to your torso at the bottom of your squat
  • TORSO – The middle section of your body, also called the trunk
  • TORSO ROTATION – How far you can twist your trunk from baseline
  • TRANSVERSE PLANE – An anatomical plane that divides the body into top and bottom parts
  • TRIPLE EXTENSION PATTERN– the simultaneous extension (straightening ) of hip , knee and ankle. Important for maximum efficiency in jumping tasks
  • TRIPLE FLEXION Pattern – The simultaneous bending of your hips, knees, and ankles during movements like squatting and lunging
  • TORQUE – the rotational force that a joint will experience
  • UPPER BODY – The top section of your body, including head, neck, shoulders, and arms
  • VALGUS – with reference to the knee, it is the angle of the knee in relation to the hip and ankle when it is moving towards the midline or towards the opposite knee.
  • VARUS – with reference to the knee, it is the angle of the knee in relation to the hip and ankle when it is moving away from the midline or opposite knee.
  • WEIGHT – a unit of measurement that depicts the force you exert on to the ground due to gravity.
  • WEIGHT SHIFT – How much your weight shifts in total from side to side and front to back
  • YĀNA – Derived from the Sanskrit root yā, meaning to ‘go to’, or ‘move’ or ‘reach’, can also refer to a journey or path
  • YĀNITE – A person that is totally committed to helping people understand how they move and how to maximize their Motion Health for Life
  • ANTI-ROTATION – The stabilization of something to keep it from twisting
  • ABDUCTION – a movement away from the body
  • ADDUCTION – a movement towards the midline of the body
  • ANTERIOR PELVIC TILT – the forward tilt of the pelvis
  • ASYMMETRY – A difference between the left and right sides of your body
  • CENTER OF MASS – a calculated point made from the average of your entire bodies mass.
  • CERVICAL FLEXION – How much your neck bends forward
  • CERVICAL MOTOR CONTROL – The ability to stabilize the cervical spine during movement
  • CERVICAL ROTATION – How much you are able to turn your head to the right and left
  • CERVICAL SPINE – The part of the spine in your neck, beginning at the skull and connecting to the thoracic spine
  • CLOSED CHAIN – Movements performed where the hand (for arm movement) or foot (for leg movement) is planted on the ground or an object and cannot move
  • COMPENSATION – The body’s attempt to make up for a lack of mobility or stability in an area by redirecting the load to another area
  • CONCENTRIC CONTRACTIONS – when the muscle shortens
  • DATA POINT – One of the millions of metrics the 3D motion capture technology collected during your screen
  • DISPLACEMENT – The distance the body moves in one particular direction ie. back to front, side to side, etc
  • DOUBLE FLEXION – The coordinated bending of your hips and spine while you do things like bend over or pick things up off the ground
  • ELBOW SWAY – How far your elbow moves to the side when your hand is overhead
  • EXTENSION – The straightening of a joint; the opposite of flexion
  • ECCENTRIC CONTRACTIONS – when the muscle lengthens
  • FLEXIBILITY – The ability of soft tissue to lengthen through a range of motion
  • FLEXION – The bending of a joint; the opposite of extension
  • FORWARD FOLD WITH CERVICAL EXTENSION – A movement where you extend your neck first and then fold your entire upper body toward the ground by tucking your chin and flexing your spine and hips
  • FRONTAL PLANE – An anatomical plane that divides the body into front and back parts.
  • FRONTAL STRIDE LENGTH – Indicates how far you are able to step to the side
  • GLENOHUMERAL JOINT – The ball and socket shoulder joint
  • GROUND REACTION FORCE– the amount of force that the ground exerts back through your body during weight bearing tasks.
  • HIP EXTENSION – How much you are able to move your thigh behind your body
  • HIP FLEXION – How much you are able to bend your hip in front of your body
  • HIP MOTOR CONTROL – The ability to stabilize the hips during movement
  • JOINT SWAY – How much the weight-bearing hip, knee, and ankle moved side to side and front to back when standing
  • KINEMATICS – The motion of your body parts
  • KINETICS – the forces that your body produces and has put upon it
  • KNEE FLEXION – How much your knees bend
  • KNEE RAISE – A movement where you raise your foot off the ground, bending at the knee and hip
  • LATERAL LUNGE – A movement when you step out to the right or left and shift your body weight over that leg as far as possible
  • LATERAL ROTATION – How much you are able to rotate a body part away from your midline. The opposite of medial rotation
  • LOWER BODY – The bottom section of your body, including hips, legs, and feet
  • LUMBAR FLEXION – How much your lower back bends forward
  • LUMBAR LATERAL FLEXION – How much your trunk bends to the side
  • LUMBAR SPINE – The lower back
  • MASS– a measure of your physical body in kilograms (kg)
  • MEDIAL ROTATION – How much you are able to rotate a body part toward your midline. The opposite of lateral rotation
  • MOBILITY – The ability of a joint to move actively through a range of motion
  • MOTOR CONTROL – Your ability to control your limbs and joints during motion
  • MOVEMENT COMPONENT – One of the three main pieces of movement quality: movement pattern, stability, or mobility
  • MOVEMENT PATTERN – How you perform a certain movement
  • MOVEMENT QUALITY – Your ability to move fluidly and without limitation
  • MOVEMENT DYSFUNCTION– movement that appears to fall outside the normal expected pattern and quality
  • OPEN CHAIN – Exercises that are performed with no contact to ground or fixed object
  • PELVIC OBLIQUITY – How level your hips are during movement
  • PELVIC ROTATION – How much your pelvis twists to one side during movement
  • POSTERIOR PELVIC TILT– the backwards tilt of the pelvis
  • REACHING – Your ability to extend your arm away from you and/or overhead
  • REVERSE LUNGE WITH ROTATION – A movement where you step backwards with one foot into a lunge, and then rotate your trunk
  • ROTATION – How much a body part twists
  • SAGITTAL PLANE – An anatomical plane that divides the body into right and left parts and views a person’s movement from the side.
  • STRIDE LENGTH – Indicates how far you are able to step forward or backward
  • SCAPULOTHORACIC – The joint between your shoulder blade and ribcage
  • SEQUENCING – The order in which you move your joints during a movement
  • SHOULDER MOTOR CONTROL – How well you can control extraneous motion in your shoulder when performing a movement
  • SINGLE LEG – Movements completed standing on one leg
  • SINGLE LEG STANCE – Measurement of your control of your torso, hip, knee, and ankle when you stand on one foot
  • SQUAT – A movement where you flex your hips, ankles, and knees in a coordinated manner to lower and raise yourself
  • SQUAT PATTERN – How your ankle, knee, hip, and torso work together when you squat or lunge
  • STABILITY – The control of your joints during motion
  • STRIDE LENGTH – How far you step out when lunging
  • SYMMETRY – the proportion and balance compared to the opposite side
  • THORACIC SPINE – The portion of your spine in your mid-back between the cervical spine and lumbar spine
  • TIBIAL/ TORSO ANGLE – The angle of your tibia was to your torso at the bottom of your squat
  • TORSO – The middle section of your body, also called the trunk
  • TORSO ROTATION – How far you can twist your trunk from baseline
  • TRANSVERSE PLANE – An anatomical plane that divides the body into top and bottom parts
  • TRIPLE EXTENSION PATTERN– the simultaneous extension (straightening ) of hip , knee and ankle. Important for maximum efficiency in jumping tasks
  • TRIPLE FLEXION Pattern – The simultaneous bending of your hips, knees, and ankles during movements like squatting and lunging
  • TORQUE – the rotational force that a joint will experience
  • UPPER BODY – The top section of your body, including head, neck, shoulders, and arms
  • VALGUS – with reference to the knee, it is the angle of the knee in relation to the hip and ankle when it is moving towards the midline or towards the opposite knee.
  • VARUS – with reference to the knee, it is the angle of the knee in relation to the hip and ankle when it is moving away from the midline or opposite knee.
  • WEIGHT – a unit of measurement that depicts the force you exert on to the ground due to gravity.
  • WEIGHT SHIFT – How much your weight shifts in total from side to side and front to back
  • YĀNA – Derived from the Sanskrit root yā, meaning to ‘go to’, or ‘move’ or ‘reach’, can also refer to a journey or path
  • YĀNITE – A person that is totally committed to helping people understand how they move and how to maximize their Motion Health for Life